IVF transfer one of the steps in the process of assisted reproduction, is the final and simplest step of the IVF process, and it also facilitates conception after fertilizing the egg in the laboratory. IVF transfer may be performed anytime between the first and sixth day after egg retrieval; however, it is usually done between the second and fourth day. Today, several clinics allow the embryo to reach the blastocyst stage, which happens around the fifth day before proceeding to IVF transfer.
Proper Location of Embryos during Transfer
Research has determined that the best location to transfer the embryos is in the middle of the endometrial cavity; and when transferring the embryos, there should be proper care to keep the catheter set between the top and bottom layers of the endometrium. This is necessary to prevent it from dissecting under the endometrial surface.
How Many Embryos Should be Transferred
The proper number of embryos that should be transferred in every IVF cycle is still being debated. Medical professionals and writers agree that implanting a maximum of four embryos in every single IVF cycle will bring the best results since transferring more can result in excess multiple pregnancies, increasing the risk of other complications. Transferring four embryos raises the probability of pregnancy compared to transferring only one or two; however, this also increases the risk of four embryos being implanted which leads to multiple pregnancies.
The Risks of IVF Transfer
There are no known major risks related to the IVF transfer process. If you have not gotten pregnant or if the canal of your cervix has not been examined before the In Vitro Fertilization cycle, there could be difficulties in inserting the catheter through your cervix. Although stretching the cervical canal is possible during the IVF transfer, your physician may prefer to avoid such interventions. In severe cases, your physician may tell you to delay the IVF transfer and preserve all viable embryos until the stretching of the cervix is done; additionally, when more than a single embryo is transferred, there is a risk of multiple pregnancies. Conceiving multiple babies may be a blessing for a lot of parents, but this also means higher risks of complications; you may want to consider having only one embryo transferred to your uterus.
Medications for IVF Transfer
Progesterone is usually the main medication that will be prescribed to you after the IVF transfer. Supplemental progesterone does not only increase the chances of pregnancy, but it is also essential for sustaining the pregnancy. The use of progesterone supplements is often discontinued once your pregnancy is confirmed and if you are producing a sufficient amount s of progesterone on your own.
Activity Restrictions for IVF Transfer
Once done, your doctor or healthcare specialist will ask you to lie flat on your back for about an hour right after the embryo IVF transfer; this is to see how your body reacts to the whole procedure and it is also for your doctor to ensure that no side effects appear before you are sent home. Additionally, your doctor will also request that you limit your physical activities for the rest of the day. It only means that you should get adequate amounts of bed rest right after the whole IVF transfer to allow your body to regain its energy after the procedure; however, you should remember that this does not necessarily mean total bed rest: you can relax on the couch or in a recliner while reading, watching movies, or even conversing with your partner or friends.
After the IVF transfer, your doctor will definitely allow you to engage in normal activities such as walking around and working but this will only be allowed in the morning of the next day. However, activities with heavy bouncing, jumping, or any movement that may affect your uterus will be restricted until after you take the pregnancy test; activities that are prohibited include jogging, water skiing, as well as other high-impact tasks or activities are definitely not great ideas until you take the test. Once you find out that you are pregnant, you should be able to start all of the fun and exciting activities again.
If you and your partner are one of those couples who have to travel far just to undergo the embryo and IVF transfer, it is highly recommended that you do not fly during the day of your IVF transfer and instead, wait until the next day. If you will have to drive back home after the transfer (driving home is something that you can actually do, regardless of the length and distance of the whole drive), it is completely fine but you should make sure to rest for about an hour first before leaving the clinic.