Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection or more commonly known as ICSI is considered as a specialized form of an IVF or In Vitro Fertilization that is utilized to treat extreme cases of male-factor infertility; this also involves injecting a sperm right into a female’s mature egg.

The Difference Between ICSI and IVF

IVF stands for in vitro fertilization which is a unique method of fertilizing an egg cell outside your womb; IVF is an in vitro (meaning in glass) procedure that gave birth to the very first test tube child in the year 1978. In Vitro Fertilization is also one of the highly popular and generally utilized procedures for infertility and a lot of couples today have already opted for this procedure especially when they are having problems conceiving.

On the other hand, ICSI stands for Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection which is considered as one of the most potential methods of insemination. ICSI is a method that is utilized to achieve fertilization despite the quality of the sperm when the In Vitro Fertilization procedure fails.

Remember that the In vitro fertilization procedure is commonly suggested by doctors when almost all of the other possible methods within the criterion of reproductive technology does not work. During the process of IVF, the ovulation process is mainly controlled via hormone manipulation; your eggs or ova will be removed from your ovaries so that it can fertilize thoroughly with your partner’s sperm cells in a certain liquid medium. Once the process of fertilization has ended, the fertilized egg (zygote) will be returned to your uterus to begin the whole process of pregnancy. Yet when it comes to the ICSI, its injection is generally useful when the male donor or your partner suffers from infertility problems.

When is ICSI Utilized?

In this modern day and age when the problem of infertility is increasing quickly, this specific type of insemination is mainly utilized in such cases where the traditional in vitro fertilization may not work or when it gets suppressed for some reason. Here are the most usual situations when the process of ICSI is used:

1. Idiopathic or odd fertility.
2. The ovaries have a hyper-responsive stimulation which results to reduced egg quality.
3. Poor and barely surviving post-thaw sperm.
4. Egg insemination right after thawing.
5. During embryo production for pre-implantation; this is to make sure that the genetic screening is possible in case your embryos are cleaned from any inappropriate and bad quality sperm.
6. If there is a need to boost the usual process of fertilization.

The ICSI process has already successfully achieved a number of births and is already fast becoming one of the most sought-after artificial insemination procedures that couples are choosing.

How Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injections Work

The procedure is mainly done by utilizing an approach called the micromanipulation – a technique that makes use of a special microscope together with very tiny tools for surgery. These are used to easily pick up and handle a single sperm which will be injected directly into your egg.

ICSI and Male Infertility

The Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection is a procedure that can help you achieve a successful pregnancy even if your partner has infertility issues; you should immediately speak with your doctor or healthcare specialist if your partner experiences or has experienced any of the following issues:

1. No presence of sperm in his semen; usually caused by a blockage.
2. Poor quality of sperm, low sperm count, and / or an abnormal shape and movement of the sperm.
3. Your partner’s sperm cannot go through your egg’s outer layer or when there is a production of anti-sperm antibodies.

Benefits and Risks of Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection

If you are considering to go through the intracytoplasmic sperm injection process together with an IVF process, you should remember that it is vital to consider the different risks and benefits linked with the whole process.

• ICSI Benefits

This procedure lets you and your partner have a chance at having a baby despite the presence of severe male infertility problems; the benefits of ICSI include aiding you in getting pregnant even if you are dealing with some of these conditions mentioned below:

1. Low sperm count.
2. Poor sperm movement or shape.
3. The desire for post-vasectomy pregnancy.
4. Attempting the IVF procedure without success.

• ICSI Risks

Despite having great benefits, ICSI also has its own set of occurring problems and risks; these include the following:

1. Damage to your embryos.
2. Getting pregnant with multiples.
3. High blood pressure.
4. Gestational diabetes.
5. Premature labor or the need to have a C-section.

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