Hysteroscopy is known as a procedure that lets your doctor look into your uterus to thoroughly examine, determine, as well as treat any causes of abnormal bleeding in the area. This procedure is done with the use of a hysteroscope – an extremely thin and lighted tube that is carefully inserted into the vagina. It is used to thoroughly examine the cervix and also the insides of the uterus; additionally, hysteroscopy can also be either operative or diagnostic.

Diagnostic Hysteroscopy

Diagnostic hysteroscopy is made for diagnosing issues concerning the uterus and it is also utilized to confirm other test results such as HSG or hysterosalpingography; this is a form of X-ray dye test that is also made for checking the fallopian tubes and the uterus. One good thing about the Diagnostic Hysteroscopy is that it can be achieved right in the doctor’s clinic.

Operative Hysteroscopy

This kind of Hysteroscopy is made to correct the aberrant conditions that have been found during the process of diagnostic hysteroscopy. If there was an abnormal condition detected while undergoing the diagnostic hysteroscopy, the most common action of your doctor would be to perform an operative hysteroscopy right at the same time; this is necessary to avoid having a second surgery.

Keep in mind that during the operative hysteroscopy, small medical instruments will be utilized and carefully inserted through the hysteroscope to correct the present condition.

Why is Hysteroscopy Done?

A Hysteroscopy is done to achieve a variety of things such as the following:

• Determine the cause of extreme cramping, as well as abnormal bleeding; your doctor will carefully use heated tools that have been passed through the hysteroscope, preventing bleeding from occurring.

• To see if a problem is about the size or shape of the uterus or if scar tissues found in the uterus is the cause of infertility.

• It is done to examine the uterine openings right to the fallopian tubes; if these are blocked, your doctor may possibly open the fallopian tubes with the use of special tools that have been passed through the hysteroscope.

• Hysteroscopy is also used to find the possible causes of recurring miscarriages and while this is being done, other tests may also be executed at the same time.

• The procedure is also known to determine and remove any misplaced IUD’s or intrauterine devices; it also searches for and removes small polyps or fibroids.

• It checks for any signs of endometrial cancer.

• This procedure makes use of a heated tool to extract problem areas that are found in the uterus’ lining – commonly called endometrial ablation.

• It places an Essure or contraceptive implant right into the opening of your fallopian tubes as a form of permanent sterilization.

How is Hysteroscopy Done?

Before hysteroscopy even begins, you will be given a certain type of medicine that will help you relax or the doctor will provide a general / local anesthesia that will be utilized to block the pain. Just remember that if you choose to take the general anesthesia, you will be asleep during the whole procedure.

The good thing about the procedure is that it can be easily done right in your doctor’s clinic if you do not wish to have this done at the hospital; the procedure will then be scheduled when you do not have your period, and to make it easier, your doctor may open your cervix even before the hysteroscopy process. Additionally, you will be given certain medicines that will be inserted into your cervix, unless necessary, special dilators may be utilized. It begins by inserting a speculum into the vagina which is followed by the hysteroscope which will be carefully slipped through the cervix, right into your uterus. Saline will also be put through the hysteroscope to expand the uterus since it will help your doctor see the lining better.

Risks and Side Effects of Hysteroscopy

Hysteroscopy is generally a safe procedure yet there are certain risks of a few issues; if saline is used during the procedure, you may possibly absorb the fluid which will make you feel bloated and it could also alter the sodium levels in the blood. If gas is utilized, there is a small chance of an air embolism / bubble in your blood vessel though this is an extremely rare case.

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