Abortion is the stage where the pregnancy is ended even before one gives birth; it occurs by removing the embryo or fetus before it can even survive outside the mothers uterus. A spontaneous abortion is generally known as a miscarriage and an abortion that is caused on purpose is called the induced abortion or induced miscarriage. The word abortion is often and mainly used to refer to induced abortions and a similar method is present where the fetus can actually survive out of the womb is called late termination of pregnancy.
When Can Abortion be Done?
It can be done depending on how many weeks pregnant you currently are; you will have the option to choose between a medical abortion where you will be given certain medications to end your pregnancy and a surgical abortion just like the D&E (dilation and evacuation) or the vacuum aspiration. However, if you decide to go through this after nine weeks of pregnancy, the only option left will be the surgical abortion since the risks of going through abortion during the second trimester are much higher than during the first trimester.
The procedure is done in the early stages of your pregnancy and it can be completed by your gynecologist or doctor; moreover, the procedure can also be done by trained physician assistants, nurse-midwives, as well as nurse practitioners. Services for abortion are most commonly offered at family planning clinics and even university hospitals but remember that the procedure is rarely accomplished after twenty-four weeks during your pregnancy. Furthermore, a lot of states already have restrictions when it comes to abortions after the twenty-four weeks of pregnancy.
Is Abortion Safe?
Abortion is generally safe as long as it is done by a doctor or a trained professional; because of this, less than one out of a hundred women have had serious issues after an abortion, and the safest time for this procedure is right in the first trimester. During this period, low-risk medication or the vacuum aspiration method can be utilized.
Kinds of Medical Abortion
There are different kinds of medical abortion methods to terminate a pregnancy during the early stages of your first trimester; if you are seeking medical abortion procedures, making use of a sonogram is highly recommended since it will determine if your pregnancy is viable; plus, it is also for precisely dating the pregnancy.
Methotrexate & Misoprostol (MTX)
MTX or Methotrexate and Misoprostol is an abortion procedure that is utilized up to the first seven weeks of your pregnancy; the procedure is not as popular as it was in the past since the availability of mifepristone is rare. Methotrexate is either given by injection or orally during the very first clinic visit while antibiotics will be given to prevent you from acquiring any form of infection; additionally, Misoprostol tablets will also be given orally or inserted into your vagina three to seven days after a process that can be done right in your home.
This form of abortion usually triggers contractions then expels the fetus and it may take a few hours or even as long as a couple of days. A week after, you will be asked to take a physical exam to make sure that the procedure has been completed, which is also necessary to see if there are any complications present. Methotrexate is generally utilized to treat rheumatoid arthritis and cancer since it attacks and focuses on the quick developing cells found in your body; but for abortion, the Methotrexate makes the placenta and fetus split from the uterus lining. However, you should keep in mind that utilizing this drug for abortion is not really approved by the FDA. As for the side effects of MTX, these include cramping, heavy bleeding, nausea, diarrhea, and fever.
Mifeprex / Mifepristone and Misoprostol
This is a medical abortion procedure that is used until the first seven to nine weeks of your pregnancy, and it is also called the abortion pill or the RU-486. Before actually utilizing this abortion procedure, it is necessary for you to take a physical exam to determine if this specific type of procedure is eligible for you. If you, by any chance, have ovarian mass, ectopic pregnancy, IUD, adrenal failure, bleeding disorders, corticosteroid, anemia, asthma, kidney or liver problems, etc. you will not be eligible for this type of procedure. The side effects and risks of this procedure generally include the following: vomiting, cramping, diarrhea, nausea, heavy bleeding, and infection.